1. What is Paraffin wax?
Paraffin wax CAS 8002-74-2 or petroleum wax is a soft colourless solid derived from petroleum, coal or oil shale that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 C (99F), and its boiling point is above 370C (698F). Typical applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles; dyed paraffin wax can be made into crayons. It is distinct from kerosene and other petroleum products called paraffin.
Un-dyed, unscented paraffin candles are odourless and bluish-white. Paraffin wax was first created by Carl Reichenbach in Germany in 1830 and marked a significant advancement in candle-making technology, as it burned more cleanly and reliably than tallow candles and was cheaper to produce.
In chemistry, paraffin wax is used synonymously with alkane, indicating hydrocarbons with the general formula C n H 2 n +2. The name is derived from Latin parum (very little) + affinis , meaning lacking affinity or lacking reactivity, referring to paraffin’s unreactive nature.
2. How does Paraffin wax work?
Paraffin treatments for hands and feet are usually offered at spas and nail salons. Your hands or feet will be dipped several times quickly into a small tub of heated paraffin wax. The paraffin is often scented with soothing essential oils.
After several layers are added, the wax will be covered in a plastic bag, and wrapped in hot towels and you can relax as the benefits kick in. The wax will trap the heat against your skin as it hardens, opening the pores. Once the wax is completely cooled it will be pulled away, taking dead skin cells along with it.
3. What’s Paraffin wax used for?
- Therapeutic Uses of Paraffin Wax
Paraffin wax treatments were primarily used as thermotherapy methods that take advantage of the high heat retention capability of hot paraffin wax to conduct heat into the deeper layers of skin and the muscle in order to soothe pain, sprains, muscle stiffness, and arthritic pain. At the same time, this treatment can increase the range of motion and prepare muscles for exercise, as well as condition them as a part of progressive physiotherapy.
This is what happens when hot paraffin wax is applied for therapeutic purposes: Blood vessels expand and circulation increases.
Circulation brings oxygen to the cells in the affected area and helps remove waste products that may be causing pain in the muscles.
The pain threshold expands, and the muscles relax and become more flexible, which helps achieve a wider range of motion with appropriate physiotherapy.
Note that the application of paraffin wax for therapeutic purposes needs several layers. The more layers, the deeper the reach of heat into muscles, joints, and tendons. Eight or more layers of wax are recommended.
- Cosmetic Uses of Paraffin Wax
An extra benefit of paraffin wax treatment is moisturization and repair of cracked, thirsty skin. This service is very sought after in spas and salons, and it is most usually applied on hands, feet, elbows, and faces. This is how paraffin wax smooths skin: The heat in the wax expands the blood vessels and circulation increases, activating the eccrine glands -which produce sweat- and the sebaceous glands -which produce sebum-and flush out toxins and dirt from the skin pores in the process. The result is glowing skin. A good moisturizer is usually applied before the paraffin wax treatment so that the heat will trap the hydration into the deeper layers of the skin. Areas which have been treated with paraffin become more hydrated, pliable, and soft.
Cosmetic application of paraffin needs fewer layers: anywhere between three to ten depending on the extent of the dryness.
- Application Techniques of Paraffin Wax
Paraffin wax can be applied to practically every body part. The most usual body parts to receive paraffin wax treatments are the hands, ankles, and feet, back, and shoulders for therapeutic purposes, and the hands, elbows, feet, and face for cosmetic reasons.
To apply paraffin wax, a beautician or therapist can follow overall the same steps. Prepare the paraffin wax in a special warming unit. These devices melt paraffin wax at a medicated temperature and keep it at a steady temperature throughout the whole therapy and beyond. Paraffin warmers usually don’t have an on-off switch, so they don’t need to be turned off once the paraffin is melted, or even during the therapy.
It is not advisable to move the temperature dial on the device since this will not make paraffin melt faster, and even if it did, it would then get a higher temperature than it should. If you don’t happen to have a paraffin wax melter in your salon, you can use your regular wax pot, just make sure you are melting the paraffin at the recommended temperature (125-130 F) and try not to make this the norm. A specially designed paraffin warmer is always the best choice if you plan to apply these treatments in your salon or spa.
If you are offering the paraffin wax treatment in your salon as a complement to manicures or pedicures, trim, clean, and shape nails/toenails (and apply acrylic nails if necessary) before starting with the procedure. You can also exfoliate the skin at this stage to maximize the benefits of the procedure.
Remove jewellery and clothing from the area to be treated.
Line the rest of the areas with a towel or protective liners as needed.
Cleanse the area that will be treated with a special sanitizing spray. Make sure the area is dry.
Apply non-oily hydrating cream according to the needs of the client, emphasizing the driest areas. This step is very important for cosmetic skin-hydrating procedures. Now everything is ready for dipping. Test the paraffin’s temperature to be completely sure that it is appropriate. Dip the area into the paraffin bath, keeping it in for a few seconds. Remove it and let the paraffin dry for a few more seconds (until the paraffin becomes matte). Repeat the dipping process several times to create the custom-fit “paraffin glove”. With every dip, remind your client not to flex fingers or toes, so that the paraffin “glove” will keep its shape. The more layers, the more heat will penetrate the deeper layers of skin. Five dips are recommended for a dry-skin treatment. In case the treated area is very hairy, two to three additional layers are recommended.
When doing a paraffin wax facial, you should, cleanse the client’s skin and cover their eyes with cotton pads. Have a pre-cut gauze mask ready and brush a thin layer of paraffin on the forehead and neck, then dip the mask into the paraffin bath and place it on the face. Brush on three or four more layers of wax on the gauze already placed on the face and leave for fifteen minutes before peeling it from the neck up.
If you are dealing with an area that cannot be dipped such as the back, use a special heated brush to apply a thin layer of paraffin evenly, then dip paraffin strips into melted paraffin and place them on the area to be treated and layering them.
Some beauticians and therapists choose to cover the treated areas with plastic liners or terry mitts to boost the properties of moist heat.
Once the paraffin is cool (ten to fifteen minutes), remove the paraffin layers by peeling from an edge of the “glove”. Do not reuse or re-melt paraffin. The thicker the paraffin “glove”, the easier it will be to peel off. If the treatment is for hands/feet, now they are ready for mani/Pedi.
Finish off all paraffin wax treatments with a coat of hydrating cream.
- Paraffin Wax Contraindications
Although paraffin wax is safe to use in most cases, there are some people who should avoid having treatment done or at least consult a physician before attempting to.
Paraffin wax is contraindicated for:
- Inflammatory skin conditions.
- Open wounds, cuts, nicks, and rashes.
- Skin growths.
- Vascular disease (especially peripheral vascular disease since circulation is probably compromised at a general scale).
- Diabetic patients.
- Abnormal sensitivity to heat.
- Severe hypertension.
4. Paraffin benefits
- Cosmetic Benefits Of Paraffin Treatment
Whether you are looking to maintain your healthy skin or heal dry and cracked hands and feet, the cosmetic and healing benefits of a paraffin treatment are numerous. The opening of pores and the removal of dead skin cells will rejuvenate the appearance of your skin and make your hands and feet feel silky and smooth. Paraffin is a natural emollient so it adds moisture to the sink while the wax is applied, but it also helps create moisture in your skin long after the treatment is complete. A paraffin treatment creates a sort of barrier on your skin that helps retain the oils that your body naturally produces.
A wax bath can also aid in healing problems with the skin. Paraffin wax can be effective in soothing and softening calluses on hands and feet and healing dry cracked skin, especially on heels.
- Therapeutic Benefits Of Paraffin Treatment
In addition to soothing and healing the skin, paraffin treatments have many therapeutic benefits for internal ailments as well. Paraffin wax has been shown to treat conditions like arthritis and fibromyalgia among others. A wax treatment acts as a type of thermotherapy, or heat therapy, that helps treat these conditions by increasing blood flow, relaxing muscles, and reducing stiffness in joints. It can also help with minimizing muscle spasms and inflammation and treat sprains and pulled muscles.
Paraffin wax therapy can be particularly effective for those suffering from osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Regular paraffin hand treatments can help relax joints and relieve pain in hands before physical therapy and exercise. They can also help with lowering fluid retention and flushing toxins, which can reduce swelling.
5. Where to buy Paraffin wax?
Paraffin wax CAS 8002-74-2 is available online from different Paraffin wax manufacturers. Most users of Paraffin wax buy from different websites, some for retail or wholesale purposes.
Verify the legitimacy of every Paraffin wax manufacturer using outlined state laws before purchase.
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3. Kaye, George William Clarkson; Laby, Thomas Howell. Mechanical properties of materials. Kaye and Laby Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants. National Physical Laboratory. Archived from the original on 11 March 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
4. Wiener, Harry (January 1947). Structural Determination of Paraffin Boiling Points. Journal of the American Chemical Society. 69 (1): 17C20.
5. Electrical insulating materials. Kaye and Laby Tables of Physical and Chemical Constants. National Physical Laboratory. 1995. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 25 October 2013.